Selasa, 24 Juli 2012

explanation text

 
Definition and purposes of Explanation
 Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific andcultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say 'why' and 'how' of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.


Generic structure of Explanation
 General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which ex
plain the phenomena.


Language Feature
 Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etcUsing chronological connection; to begin with, next, etcUsing passive voice patternUsing simple present tens

the difference between procedures and explanations

• The definition:
Explanation = discuss about theory, definition, ideology or socio and cultural phenomena and natural phenomena.
Procedure = give direction or steps or how to make something.
• The purpose:
Explanation = explain the process of something or why something happens
Procedure = give explanation how to do something through the steps.
• Language features:
Explanation = use simple present tense, action verb, passive voice, noun phrase, adverbial phrase, using technical terms, general and abstract nouns, conjunction of time and cause effect.
Procedure = use simple present tense, imperative sentence, adverb, technical

The generic structure of explanation text and procedure text
• Generic structure:
Explantion : general statement, explanation, closing.
Procedure : goal/aim, material/equipment, steps/method.


exemple :
How Venus Eclipse Happens

On May 16, 2010, people in most regions in the world have seen a very rare natural phenomenon. It was Venus eclipse. It was very rare amazing natural event. It was reported that the Venus eclipse will seen again in the future in 2050. Do you know how this rare Venus eclipse happens?

Well, actually Venus eclipse is like Sun eclipse. Venus eclipses occurs when the position of the earth, moon and Venus is parallel. Venus planet will slowly disappear for a moment because it is covered the surface of the Moon. Venus planet seems to move to the back side of the Moon.

The moon and planets are sharing a similar apparent path in the sky. That is why, it is not unusual for the moon to appear to pass close to Venus. In fact, the moon appears somewhere near it about once a month. However, most people don’t see these events because they are visible in the evening sky only half the time, and then only for a short period after sunset. The apparent closeness varies from month to month as well.

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